This page explains about the Pronoun and its Types in most comprehensive way. Use of Pronoun is mostly used in the English tests being used in the Pak Army, Pak Navy and PAF.
Pronoun and Pronoun Examples
A pronoun is a word that refers to or takes the place of a noun. For example: There are many different types of pronouns:
Personal, Possessive, Reflexive, Intensive, Demonstrative, Interrogative, Relative, Indefinite, and Reciprocal.
The boy said that he was tired. In this example, the pronoun “he” is referring back to the noun
DIFFERENT TYPES OF PRONOUN
i. PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Personal Pronoun are pronouns that refer to a specific person or thing in a sentence and can be divided into two groups:
Nominative and Objective.
- Nominative personal pronouns can act as the subject
of a sentence (I, you, he, she, it, we, and they).
For example: I went to the store after work.
You should not go to class if you are sick.
- Objective personal pronouns, on the
other hand, act as objects of a sentence (me, you, him, her, it, us, them).
For example: Alex came out with Joe and me. Melissa really likes him.
ii. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
Possessive Pronoun are pronouns that show ownership; in other words, something belongs to someone else (my/mine, your/yours, his, her/hers, its, our/ours, their/theirs).
That book is mine. Their shoes are under the bed.
iii. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
Reflexive Pronouns are pronouns that are used to show that the subject of the sentence is receiving the action of the verb (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves).
For example: She can handle the situation herself. We can write the paper ourselves.
Her / Hers
Our / Ours
Their / Theirs
iv. INTENSIVE / EMPHATIC PRONOUNS
Intensive Pronouns are pronouns that are used only to place emphasis on the subject and are not essential to the meaning of the sentence.
Note: These pronouns look the same as reflexive pronouns, but they act differently in the Sentence and are always placed next to the subject that they are emphasizing (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves).
For example: You yourself must go to the police station.
v. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that are used to identify nouns and answer the question “which one?” (This, that, these, those) For example: These are the books that John was talking about.
vi. INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS
Interrogative Pronouns are pronouns that are used only in reference to a question (who, what, which, whom, whose).
- Which one of these pens is yours?
- Who is that girl?
vii. RELATIVE PRONOUNS
Relative Pronouns are pronouns that are used to connect clarifying information to nouns or other pronouns within a sentence (who, that, which, whom, whose, whoever, whichever, whomever, whatever).
Who vs. Whom
Whom is used when referring to an object.
With whom did Alex go out?
The letter should be addressed to whom?
Who is used when referring to a subject.
Who went to the store after work?
Who sings this song?
Note: Refer back to the Personal Pronouns section on page 1 of this skills page. “Who” works like a nominative pronoun, while “whom” works like an objective pronoun.
viii. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS
Indefinite Pronouns are pronouns that are used in reference to a person or thing that is not specific or not known. Indefinite pronouns are also used to identify a general group of people or things (i.e. everyone, everybody, anyone, anybody, somebody, most, all, each every, some, none, one, few, both, many, several). For example:
Everybody has to take the Writing Proficiency Examination in order to graduate.
All of the seniors were excited for graduation.
ix. RECIPROCAL PRONOUNS
Reciprocal pronouns are pronouns that are used to refer to a mutual set of people (each other, each other’s, one another, one another’s).
For example: We need to help one another survive.
They had remembered each other’s phone numbers.