Noun and its types

This page explains about the Noun and its Types in most comprehensive way. Noun meaning is explained well in manner with common noun and proper noun. Noun examples are also given with a list of nouns. 

In parts of speech, Noun has great importance in the English test. Read here about common noun examples, proper noun examples which have been used in the initial tests of Pak Army, Pak Navy and Pak Air Force frequently. 

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What is Noun?

Define Noun

Nouns refer to persons, animals, places, things, ideas, or events, etc.

Noun definition and examples can be a/an –  

  • Person – a name for a person: – Mehru, Usman, Maria, Ali, etc.
  • Animal – a name for an animal: – dog, cat, cow, kangaroo, etc.
  • Place – a name for a place: – London, Australia, Canada, Mumbai, etc.
  • Thing – a name for a thing: – bat, ball, chair, door, house, computer, etc.
  • Idea – A name for an idea: – devotion, superstition, happiness, excitement, etc.



proper noun is a name which refers only to a single person, place, or thing and there is no common name for it. In written English, a proper noun always begins with capital letters.

Example of Proper Nouns: 

Your name is a proper noun. London is a proper noun. United Nations is a proper noun.


common noun is a name for something which is common for many things, person, or places. Girl, boy, chair


Country (it can refer to any country, nothing in particular), city (it can refer to any city like Mumbai, Toronto, etc. but nothing in particular).So, a common noun is a word that indicates a common person, place, thing, etc. In general and a proper noun is a specific one of those.


An abstract noun is a word for something that cannot be seen but is there. It has no physical existence. They are things that you cannot touch. Generally, it refers to ideas, qualities, and conditions.


Truth, lies, happiness, sorrow, time, friendship, humor, patriotism, etc.


concrete noun refers to the things we see and have physical existence. Concrete nouns are physical things that you can touch.


Chair, table, bat, ball, water, money, sugar, man, rice, head, car, furniture, mobile phone etc.


The nouns that can be counted are called countable nouns. Countable nouns can take an article: a, an, the.


Chair, table, bat, ball, etc. (you can say 1 chair, 2 chairs, 3 chairs – so chairs are countable)


The nouns that cannot be counted are called non-countable nouns.


Water, sugar, oil, salt, etc. (you cannot say “1water, 2water, 3water” because water is not countable)


collective noun is a word for a group of things, people, or animals, etc.


family, team, jury, cattle, army, police etc.

Collective nouns can be both plural and singular. However, Americans prefer to use collective nouns as singular, but both of the uses are correct in other parts of the world.


Sometimes two or three nouns appear together, or even with other parts. Compound nouns have three different forms:

1.      open or spaced – space between words (bus stop)

2.      hyphenated – hyphen between words (mother-in-law)

3.      closed or solid – no space or hyphen between words (football)

Example: six-pack, Showcase, five-year-old, and son-in-law, snowball, mailbox, cat food, blackboard, breakfast, full moon, washing machine, software etc.

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