What is preposition meaning and what are preposition examples?. Everything has been explained in preposition definition with different preposition words. Important prepositions list is also available here.
Here, it is explained in detail that what are prepositions in English, what are the types of preposition, preposition sentences, preposition examples sentences.
In types of preposition, detail explaination is given about prepositions of place, prepositions of time, prepositions exercises by using appropriate preposition in the sentences.
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DEFINITION of PREPOSITION
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun or pronoun and the other words of a sentence.
- I am going to Canada.
- Alex threw a stone into the pond.
- The present is inside the box.
- They have gone out of the town.
TYPES OF PREPOSITION
I. Prepositions of Time
Prepositions of time show the relationship of time between the nouns to the other parts of a sentence.
On, at, in, from, to, for, since, ago, before, till/until, by, etc. are the most common preposition of time.
He started working at 10 AM.
The company called meeting on 25 October.
There is a holiday in December.
He has been ill since Monday.
II. Preposition of Place and Direction
Prepositions of place show the relationship of place between the nouns to the other parts of a sentence.
On, at, in, by, from, to, towards, up, down, across, between, among, through, in front of, behind, above, over, under, below, etc. are the most common prepositions of place/direction.
- He is at home.
- He came from England.
- The police broke into the house.
- I live across the river.
III. Prepositions of Agents or Things
Prepositions of agents or things indicate a casual relationship between nouns and other parts of the sentence.
Of, for, by, with, about, etc. are the most used and common prepositions of agents or things.
- This article is about smartphones.
- Most of the guests have already left.
- I will always be here for you.
- He is playing with his brothers.
IV. Phrasal Prepositions
A phrasal preposition is not a prepositional phrase, but they are a combination of two or more words which functions as a preposition.
Along with, apart from, because of, by means of, according to, in front of, contrary to, in spite of, on account of, in reference to, in addition to, in regard to, instead of, on top of, out of, with regard to, etc. are the most common phrasal prepositions.
- They along with their children went to Atlanta.
- According to the new rules, you are not right.
- In spite of being a good player, he was not selected.
- I’m going out of the city.
- I started working at 10 AM.
- The movie starts at 6 PM.
- The shop closes at 3AM.
- I’ll see her on Friday.
- He broke a record on Monday morning.
- I have a meeting on 25 October.
- I will get a holiday in December.
- Murphy was born in 2001.
- I love playing cricket in summer.
- I worked there from 2010 to 2017.
- I usually work from Saturday to Thursday.
- I will stay there from 10 AM to 6 PM.
- They will not return until Friday.
- Wait for me until I return.
- I do not give up until I am succeeded.
- I will be there until Monday.
- Alex has been in the village since Sunday.
- He has been suffering from fever since Friday.
- Robin and Susan have been friends since childhood.
- He stayed there for four days.
- I will be staying there for five months.
- I will work with them for a year.
- He was standing there for a long time.
- Robin was very nervous before the interview.
- I want to leave before lunch.
- These batsmen should not get out before the tea break.
- Before going, close all the window.
- Robin felt confident after the interview.
- I want to leave after lunch.
- After playing football, we went home.
- Robert was sleeping during the film.
- They don’t talk during dinner.
- I don’t usually smoke during office time.
- I will complete the assignment by Sunday.
- He will return by 6 PM.
- I will submit the list by 11 AM.
USAGE OF PREPOSITIONS
Prep are the most confusing and difficult part of grammar because almost every definition of a preposition has exceptions and different meanings.
There is no better technique to grasp the correct use of prep other than practicing to picture how each prep functions in certain contexts. There are some certain common uses and expressions of different prepositions.
PREPOSITION OF TIME USAGE
Prep of time show the relationship of time between the nouns to the other parts of a sentence.
Common prep of time: On, at, in, from, to, for, since, ago, before, till/until, by, etc. are the most common.
AT, ON, IN
At always indicates an exact and specific time.
Note: Exceptions are that we say – at the weekend, at night, at Chrismas, at Easter, at the moment, etc.
On generally indicates a fixed date or a day.
In generally indicates an indefinite and unspecific time of months, seasons, years, centuries, etc.
FROM….TO, UNTIL, SINCE, FOR
From….to indicates a fixed time-span with the beginning and the end.
Until/till indicates a specific or unspecific time/event up to a point.
Since indicates a time-span beginning in a time in the past and still continuing in the present (now).
For indicates a period of time (amount of time) in the past, present or future.
BEFORE, AFTER, DURING, BY
Before indicates a prior event/ period of time from a point.
After indicates a following event/period of time from a point. This preposition is the exact opposite of before.
During indicates a period of time throughout the course or duration of any event or action.
By means ‘within the extent or period of; during’ something.