This page explains about the Adjective and its Types in most comprehensive way. Its use is mostly in the English tests of Pak Army, Pak Navy and PAF. If you have applied to join Pak Defence Forces then learn these by heart. 

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ADJECTIVE

DEFINITION

It usually provides relevant information about the nouns/pronouns. they modify/describe by answering the questions: What kind? How many? Which one? How much? It enriches your writing by adding precision and originality to it.

Examples:

  • The team has a dangerous batsman. (What kind?)
  • I have ten candies in my pocket. (How many?)
  • I loved that red car. (Which one?)
  • I earn more money than he does. (How much?)

1. DESCRIPTIVE 

descriptive adj is a word which describes nouns and pronouns. Most of the adj belong in this type. These provide information and attribute to the nouns/pronouns they modify or describe. Descriptive adj are also called qualitative adj.

Participles are also included in this type of adj when they modify a noun.

Examples:

  • I have a fast car. (The word ‘fast’ is describing an attribute of the car)
  • I am hungry. (The word ‘hungry’ is providing information about the subject)
  • The hungry cats are crying.
  • I saw a flying Eagle.

2. QUANTITATIVE 

quantitative adj provides information about the quantity of the nouns/pronouns. This type belongs to the question category of ‘how much’ and ‘how many’.

Examples:

  • I have 20 bucks in my wallet. (How much)
  • They have three children. (How many)
  • You should have completed the whole task. (How much)

3. DEMONSTRATIVE 

A demonstrative adj directly refers to something or someone. Demonstrative adj include the words: this, that, these, those.

Examples:

  • That building is so gorgeously decorated. (‘That’ refers to a singular noun far from the speaker)
  • This car is mine. (‘This’ refers to a singular noun close to the speaker)

4. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

possessive adj indicates possession or ownership. It suggests the belongingness of something to someone/something.

Some of the most used possessive adjectives are my, his, her, our, their, your. 

All these adjectives always come before a noun. Unlike possessive pronouns, these words demand a noun after them.

Examples:

  • My car is parked outside.
  • His cat is very cute.
  • Our job is almost done.
  • Her books are interesting.

5. INTERROGATIVE 

An interrogative adj asks a question. An interrogative adj must be followed by a noun or a pronoun. The interrogative adj are: which, what, whose. These words will not be considered as adj if a noun does not follow right after them. ‘Whose’ also belongs to the possessive adjective type.

 

Examples:

  • Which phone do you use?
  • What game do you want to play?
  • Whose car is this?

6. INDEFINITE 

An indefinite adj describes or modifies a noun unspecifically. They provide indefinite/unspecific information about the noun. The common indefinite adjectives are few, many, much, most, all, any, each, every, either, nobody, several, some, etc.  

Examples:

  • I gave some candy to her.
  • I want a few moments alone.
  • Several writers wrote about the recent incidents.
  • Each student will have to submit homework tomorrow.

THE DEGREES OF ADJECTIVES

 

There are three degrees of adjectives: Positive, comparative, superlative.

1. The Positive Degree
The positive degree of an adjective makes no comparison.

  • A tall building.
  • She runs fast.
  • This is a beautiful car.

2. The Comparative Degree
The comparative degree compares two people, things, actives, or qualities.

  • A taller building than this one.
  • She runs faster than I do.
  • This car is more beautiful than yours.

3. The Superlative Degree
The superlative degree compares a person, thing, activity, or quality with the group.

  • The tallest building in the town.
  • She is the fastest runner among the students.
  • This is the most beautiful car I have ever seen

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