Word Association Test (WAT)
What is Word Association Test?
- In psychological studies, the Word Association Test is one of the projective techniques.
- The first person who used the word “Word Association Test” was C.G. Jung (1905).
- The main aim of this test is to know the person’s overt behavior.
- Later on, this method was improved. Kent and Rosen Off made a list of common words in 1910 to elicit the required responses of the candidate.
- In the later stage, Rapport worked on WAT and made this test perfect in 1946.
- WAT is very useful to discover the individual’s emotional feelings, attitude, and problematic areas.
- This test also provides dynamic clues about the person, which helps to know about the complete personality structure of the individual.
What are projective techniques?
- In personality assessment, the Word Association Test is one of the projective techniques. In psychology, it is believed that observing different things means having the freedom to choose differently in life.
- In projective techniques, people are given some specific responses to assess their personality in a more meaningful way.
- It is asked to the people to interpret the things showing different feelings and emotions because of measuring unconscious dimensions of personality.
- Some elements are common in personality inventory and projective techniques. But projective techniques have a common methodology to measure personality features. In personality assessment methodology, some of the following techniques have been followed where the individual is permitted for latitude response;
- Associative Techniques: In this technique, the subject is asked to react to words like a response to inkblots or to other stimuli with the first associated thinking which comes to mind.
- Constructive Techniques: In this technique, the subject is asked to create something like drawing something or drawing a self-picture.
- Completion Techniques: In this technique, the subject is asked to complete the sentences or partially filled. Such as the completion of an incomplete sentence.
- Choice or Ordering Technique: The subject is asked to choose from something or give some orderly sequence to stimuli. For example, arranging a set of pictures, etc.
- Expressive Techniques: In this technique, the subject is asked to use the free expression in some manner, such as in figure painting.
Main Projective Techniques
There are four projective techniques in which the individual’s personality is assessed. These techniques are given in the following;
- The Rorschach Inkblot Test
- Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
- Word-Association Techniques
- Sentence-Completion Techniques
1. The Rorschach Inkblot Test
- This test was developed by the Swiss Psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach.
- It consists of 10 cards, of which half of the cards are in color, and half of the cards are black & white.
- All cards are to be shown to the individual at a time, and they are to be asked to describe what has been observed at their end.
- In this test, mostly, individuals reply neutrally, neither right nor wrong.
- In these tests, the task remains to find the relationship between personality and perception.
- Blots on the cards show the individual tendency toward a certain side.
- After much research, now this test will be used for cognitive testing. Moreover, its norms will be established, and it has been used as a psychometric instrument.
- One of the same methods is also being used by Rorschach, which is called the Rorschach test, in which 45 inkblots are to be used, and the individual is asked to answer one response per card.
2. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
- In this test, some pictures are shown to the individual engaged with a variety of activities. The individual is asked to imaginative thoughts with high morality and organized visual stimuli as compared to the inkblots.
- This test contains 30 different pictures in black & white and one blank card to test the individual about his imagination.
- In this test, a picture is shown to the individual, and he is asked to write a complete story showing the feeling or activities shown in the picture.
- This test helps to find out the internal behavior of the individual showing verbal communication skills.
- In this story, the individual is to fulfill the needs of the people as a hero of the story, even having a lot of external resistance. Overall, it shows the individual’s strong or weak feelings or strengths.
See here: Solved Picture Stories
3. Word Association Techniques
- In this test, the individual is given a series of words in which the individual is asked to make a complete sentence by using that particular word.
- A specific time is given to the individual, and during that time, the candidate is to make maximum sentences.
- In this, the individual writes that which comes first in mind.
- Now, the individual uses his first reactions in the sentences, which truly reflects the individual’s personality.
See Here: Solved Word Association Tests
4. Sentence Completion Techniques
- In this technique, candidates are given some half incomplete sentences, and then they are asked to complete the sentence with meaningful ideas.
- Usually, 26 incomplete sentences are given to the candidates, and they are asked to complete all sentences in 6 minutes.
- For example, “Most of the girls………..”, “Along the road …………” etc.
- Candidates are expected to judge the situations, conflicts, and motives reflected.
Moreover, students are analyzed by their Behavioral Assessment, cognitive assessment, physical assessment, and personal facts.
How can we define Word Association Test?
- Word Association Test can be defined as “A type of test related to the personality and mental function in which individual is required to react on each word included in the series which comes first in the individual’s mind. That word may be an antonym of the word, which is also being stated in the phrase.
Why is WAT conducted in ISSB?
- Word Association Test is being conducted in ISSB because it reflects the individual regarding their personality from different perspectives of thinking.
- It helps to understand the candidate more in-depth, and qualities may be associated with other tests.
- In 10 second, the candidate is asked to write a complete sentence that come first to mind. This thing initiates the individual to analyze the mind very clearly.
- Word Association Test candidate shows their mind associated with what they have in their mind, which gives a clear picture of introvert personality traits.
- This test helps the psychologist see the candidates’ combined reactions for analyzing their personalities from different angles.
- The psychologist also observes how a candidate expresses feelings in different situations and how a candidate associates the given the word with certain other associated words.
Word Association Tests in ISSB
- In the ISSB center, Kohat, Gujranwala, or Malir, the candidate is given 100 words in series, and students are asked to write the sentence on each word. If somebody feels that it is difficult to make the sentence somewhere, leave that word and keep continuing on the other words.
Total time for WAT
- When instructions are given to the candidates, it is being told clearly that the total time is 10 seconds for each word.
How should we solve Word Association Test?
The best ways are there to solve the Word Association Test are;
- Always write short sentences.
- Always write a natural sentence.
- Always focus on the word.
- Always try to make a quick response but in a positive sense.
- Do not try to cheat the psychologist.
- Your performance must show your efforts by writing a complete meaningful sentence.
- Always write a neat and clean sentence.
- Always try to complete all 100 sentences.
Best tips and techniques to write sentences for the Word Association Test
There are some best tips for improving Word Association Test, which is given below;
- While making the sentence, imagine yourself in an excellent environment with your best family, friends, and relatives.
- Keep some adventures of your life in mind.
- Keep aware of the current happening in the country.
- Always write a thoughtful sentence with bigger scope.
- Avoid using the word “I,” “me,” or “mine” because it reflects the individual as they live in their world.
- Use of such words may lead to your negative approach, so avoid such words.
- Make your natural sentences.
- Avoid the repetition of the sentence.
- Avoid universal truth because it may lead to the individuals lacking their original thoughts.
- Avoid too many phrases.
- Avoid using “could, would, should, May, might” in the sentences because it indicates the unrealistic approach of the candidates. Psychologists always prefer real-life situations.
- Avoid advisory sentences. Like, in which you advise or forbade from something. For example, do not, does not, etc.
- Always write the sentences showing good qualities of an officer showing courage, motivation, self-confidence, social relations, social adaptability, and mental courage.
- Do not fetch history unless it is related to factual knowledge.
- Do not write a sentence in the future tense.
- Focus on the sentence by using nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs in the sentence.
100 Best words of Word Association Tests (Solved) for ISSB
The most frequently used words are given below;
Best solved examples of Word Association Tests for ISSB
Some solved Word Association Test is given below;
The enemy dropped the weapons.
Snake was black.
The lion is the king of the jungle.
Nishan e Haider was awarded a captain.
He achieved his goals due to hard work.
Student was assisted.
Every action has a reaction.
His friends agreed with his advice.
He avoided too much tea.
When he is alone, he reads books.
His life ambition is to join forces.
He attempted all the obstacles in time.
His look was appealing.
There is fresh air in the garden.
The new technology arrives.
The bed is made of wood.
Blood is red.
Flowers were beautiful.
Patient was normal.
He plays cut shots very well.
He wrote the main points in the copy.
His home was decorated.
He is able in computer.
Lame excuses have no value.
He was lucky.
For more solved Word Association Test: Click Here
7 Best ways to prepare Word Association Test
- Make a list of words
- Make a complete and short sentence after thoughtful study.
- Make a bank of sentences.
- Practice daily at least one test as given below the video.
- Note your sentences at your register for remembrance.
- Practice at least 50 words daily.
- Analyze your sentences and match the theme with other tests like Urdu or English sentences.
- Keep practicing till your ISSB call letter comes.
Note: If you want to get more refinement into your psychological tests, then take guidance from Psychologists.
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