Pakistan Day: A special Day
Pakistan Day (Urdu: یوم پاکستان, lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Resolution Day, is also a Republic Day, in Pakistan commemorating the Lahore Resolution passed on 23 March 1940.
It is adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 as making Pakistan the world’s first Islamic republic. A Republic Day parade by the armed forces is often part of the celebrations.
Pakistan Day also known as Youm-e-Pakistan or Resolution Day is National Holiday in Pakistan celebrated on 23rd March every year. This National Holiday celebrates and commemorates the adoption of the Lahore Resolution, later named as Pakistan Resolution.
By the Muslim League on 23rd March, 1940 at the place where the Minar-e-Pakistan was later constructed to mark a major milestone in the struggle for a separate and sovereign Muslim state comprising of the Muslim majority areas of the British India such as the North-west and Eastern areas.
The main celebration is held in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. The President of Pakistan is usually the Chief Guest; also the attended in public are Prime Minister of Pakistan of Pakistan alongside the Cabinet ministers, military chiefs of staff, and chairman joint chiefs.
Is Pakistan Day a Public Holiday?
History of Pakistan day
The struggle for independence from the British rule began after the war of 1857 in the form of the British East India Company soldiers revolting but as the time passed it turned into nation-wide struggle for freedom.
The Great Leaders such Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan worked tirelessly and selflessly day and night to liberate the Muslims, who formed 25-30% of the population, from the tyranny of the British and Indians.
Allama Iqbal also known as the Poet of The East, at the session of All India Muslim League in 1930, coined the idea of Muslims having a separate and sovereign Islamic state where they would have freedom enough to follow their religion with peace and justice enough to have an equal chance at making their life standards and the state prosper.
It was Iqbal who coined the idea of the Two Nation Theory, the theory which would provide Muslims with a separate state. Later in 1940, after several deliberations, meetings and talks, the Founding Fathers of the All India Muslim League rejected the theory and proposal of united India as the Muslims and Hindus.
They were two separate people with distinct culture, traditions, heritage, ideology, morals and language which were contrary of each other. They unanimously rejected the idea of united India and called for a separate Muslim homeland.
This idea was presented to the people of British India on 23rd March, 1940 at Minto Park Lahore as The Lahore Resolution which raised the morale of the people and prepared them for the upcoming final struggle for their rights.
This Resolution led to the creation of the world’s First Islamic Republic which was recognized as a migrant state born amid bloodshed.
How Pakistan Day is observed?
The day is celebrated by hoisting the national flag on all government buildings and early morning civilian and military parades in Islamabad and provincial capitals with 31-gun and 21-gun salutes.
Moreover guard changes occur at the mausoleums of Allama Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah along with garlands being laid.
The main celebration of Pakistan Day is held in the capital city of Islamabad where a full inter-services and joint military parade is rehearsed and broadcasted live by the news channels all over the county.
The President of Pakistan is usually the chief guest: it is also attended by the Prime Minister of Pakistan along with the Cabinet Ministers, military chiefs of staff, and chairman joint chiefs.
The Pakistan Day Parade is a reflection of Pakistan’s urge for peace while displaying its military capabilities. This display of military capabilities has become an event that unites the nation as people of all ages across the country watch thousands of soldiers marching in synchronized steps on TV’s with zeal and zest.
The Pakistan Day Parade is also known as the National Day Joint Services Parade is a reflection of the urge for peace while displaying military might. From a display of the military might, the armed forces parade has turned out to be an event that unites the nation.
The parade reflects the nation’s determination on one hand while on the other it gives a message of unity and cohesion.
Thousands of soldiers march in synchronized steps to give a message of discipline, unity and pride. Government offices, banks, post offices, educational institutions and businesses remain closed at this day.
Why do Muslims observe Pakistan Day?
Every nation has the right to have a separate state. We are glad that Muslims got a state where they could live freely and protect their fundamental rights. Muslim feels pride for getting their separate homeland.
During the struggle for a separate homeland, the Muslims displayed great unity. The Muslim nation portrayed a tremendous example of how a nation should fight together for their rights. We celebrate this day to encourage the unity of Muslims during those hard times. This shows the unity of the Muslims.
After the Lahore Resolution was passed, Pakistan came into existence, resulting in the largest mass migration in history — 20 million people migrating towards their homeland!. On this day, large number of Muslims left their homes and migrated to Pakistan.
Public life on Pakistan Day
Pakistan day is a public holiday in Pakistan and AJK. Mostly all of the Government and private offices, banks, educational institutes and businesses remain closed throughout the day. However some multi-national companies continue routine activities.
Public transport may be limited on certain routes due to high security. Many people like to visit various public and recreational places on this day so traffic congestions are expected in major cities.
Symbols of Pakistan’s Day
Minar-e-Pakistan (Pakistan Minaret) is a minaret (a type of tower) in Iqbal Park in the city of Lahore. It was built to venerate the Lahore Resolution which is the symbol of Pakistan Day.
The minaret is constructed where the Lahore Resolution was passed. This monument symbolizes a blossoming flower and reflects the blissfulness of independence.
5 Integrating Facts about Pakistan Day
- The Lahore Resolution was later named as the Pakistan Resolution.
- The Lahore Resolution was passed on the third day of the three-day session held from March 22 till March 24, 1940. Passing Lahore resolution was the great achievement.
- In the honor of this day the Minar-e-Pakistan was built on the same place where the Lahore Resolution was signed. This increases the integrity of Pakistan more.
- The contents of the resolution have been carved on the Minar-e-Pakistan which shows the complete history of the Pakistan.
- The first constitution of Pakistan was also passed on the same day — March 23, 1956.