IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
Definition of Ideology
The word Ideology is composed of two Greek words, “Ideo” and “logos,” which mean “the study of Ideas.”
Ideology is the body of concepts, especially about life or culture. Therefore, ideology is a system of beliefs, values, and a body of knowledge that people consider true and practicable.
The Ideology of a nation reflects the ideals, objectives, or targets which bind the people together.
Ideology of Pakistan
Pakistani ideology is based on the fact that the Muslims are a separate nation, having their civilization, customs, culture, and religion; totally different from others.
Muslims cannot be merged into any other nation because their philosophy of life is based on the principles of Islam.
Pakistan ideology means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the teachings of Islam.
Muslims of India found it extremely difficult to spend their lives according to the principles of Islam in United India.
The Hindu attitude forced them to demand a separate homeland to keep their religious and national identity.
One can derive four guiding principles of the ideology of Pakistan.
- Two Nations Theory
- Territorial Factor
- Democratic System
Pakistan came into being based on ideology; the main point that drove Muslims towards one point- Islam which stimulated Muslims and lined them up behind Muslim League.
Other factors like political, social, and economic ones also played a part in uniting Muslims to struggle for Pakistan. Still, Islam was the main factor as it served as a cementing force for Muslim society. Quaid-e-AZAM once said:
“We do not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we want a laboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles”.
Two Nations Theory implies that Muslims of the Subcontinent was a nation quite distinct and separate from Hindus.
Despite living together for centuries, the two communities could not forge their distinct cultures and civilization.
To quote Quaid-e-Azam on the point:
“The Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies… they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions”.
As soul requires body, a piece of land was necessary for the existence, stabilization and promotion of Islamic ideology.
Quaid-e-Azam said in his address to Punjab Muslim Students Federation in March 1941, that we are one nation and the nation cannot survive in the air, it requires an independent land to settle where it can rule…
In an Islamic state, all affairs are decided based on consensus. Social, economic, political, and cultural affairs are operated based on mutual agreements and consensus.
The creation of Pakistan resulted from a peaceful democratic movement, and it was decided that democracy, the essence of Islam, would be the way of running the government the machinery.
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